I wanted to download torrent contents and for that, I was not interested to use my PC as most of the time it gets switched off (Due to my day job), and I was looking for uninterrupted download. So I picked up a Raspberry Pi, laying around and set it up with deluge and VPNBook free VPN. So basically the post is all about how I set it up. Here we will be setting up the deluge daemon and the web UI as well to the raspberry pi. The Deluge daemon can be accessed from Deluge desktop or web application.
- Installation of Deluge and its web UI.
- VPN Setup (VPNBook)
- Setting up shared folder to save downloaded files directly to network shares.
To install deluge and the web interface for it type in the following commands to the terminal of the Raspberry Pi. But before running the installation commands, make sure to updtae the apt packages if you have not done in a while. To do so type in
sudo apt update && sudo apt upgrade.
Now use the following commands,
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo apt install deluged deluge-web deluge-console python-mako
deluged deluge-web part will install the deluge headless version and the web UI for it.
deluge-console helps in invoking console to access the deluge daemon. Ex.
deluged deluge-console The final package
python-mako is a dependency.
After the installation is done, we need to allow remote access to Deluge. Also, we will be creating a user for Deluge. TO do so we need changes in the deluge configuration file and the installation of deluge does not create the configuration file by default, to create the config file we need to run deluge at least once. That can be achieved by using the command
deluged which will create the default configuration file for deluge.
To allow remote access to deluge type in ,
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ deluge-console "config -s allow_remote True"
Now kill deluge using command
sudo pkill -i deluged.
For more details check here. Doing so will allow connection to the deluge daemon from any other UI interface such as a different PC. We can add users to deluge by adding the credential details to the Deluge auth file. Which can be done as follows,
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ echo "<required_user>:<user_password>:10" >> ~/.config/deluge/auth
Ok now deluge is all set and a couple of things are remaining such as adding the folders where the files will be saved and creating services for Deluge and the respective web UI such that they will be triggered when pi boots up and also will take care of crashing as well.
Service for deluged,
sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/deluged.service
Enter the following contents to the created editor,
[Unit] Description=Deluge Daemon After=network-online.target # [Service] Type=simple User=pi Group=pi UMask=007 ExecStart=/usr/bin/deluged -d Restart=always TimeoutStopSec=300 [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Now press ctrl+x and press Y and hit Enter.
We need to create another service for the web UI, to do so type in,
sudo nano /etc/systemd/system/deluge_web_ui.service
and enter the following contents,
[Unit] Description=Deluge Web Interface After=network-online.target deluged.service Wants=deluged.service [Service] Type=simple User=pi Group=pi UMask=027 ExecStart=/usr/bin/deluge-web Restart=always [Install] WantedBy=multi-user.target
Now press ctrl+x and press Y and hit Enter.
Now as both services are ready, lets enable them
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo systemctl daemon-reload pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo systemctl enable deluge_web_ui.service pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo systemctl enable deluged.service pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo systemctl start deluged.service pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo systemctl start deluge_web_ui
Now we can check the status of services by using the commands,
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo systemctl status deluged pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo systemctl status deluge_web_ui
Learn more about deluge services here.
Now lets access the web ui using the IP address of the Pi and the url is
<pi_ipaddress>:8112 instead of Ip_address, hostname can also be used. The default web ui password is deluge.
I have a OMV based NAS and I wanted to download my files to the NAS (Ofcourse deluge can be installed directly in NAS but I wanted it separately to have isolation). So I mounted a OMV share to the Pi and added the path to deluge. To start adding SMB shares to Pi we first need to install cifs-utils. To do so use the following command,
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo apt-get install cifs-utils
Now lets create a directory where the share will be mounted and and mount it,
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo mkdir /mnt/deluge pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo mount -t cifs -o guest //<NAS_SERVER_IP>/<SHARE> /mnt/deluge/
Overhere I have used
guest but you can use
user=<user_name>,password=<password>, I have allowed guest access to the network share so guest is ok for me othewise if it requires credentials, use username and password.
To mount the share automatically whenever the pi boots up we can use fstab. To do so use the following commands,
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo nano /etc/fstab
Add the following line,
//<NAS_SERVER_IP>/<SHARE>/ /mnt/deluge cifs guest,_netdev,x-systemd.automount 0 0
Again over here change guest with proper creds, if rewqired, replace guest with
Now open up the deluge web UI by usng the URL
<pi_ipaddress>:8112 and got ot preferneces and the folder
/mnt/deluge in Download to option. You can change other folder options too depending upon you requirement and the way you want it to set it up.
After rebooting the Pi
sudo reboot try to download a file and it should appear in the Network share. For example use the torrent file for Raspbian Lite from Raspberry Pi Downloads page or use any test wesbites like this.
So the final part is to install a VPN Client to Pi to make the connections anonymous and being safe. However, I am not sure of how much VPNBook is safe and if it is trustworthy. But anyway as I am going to use OpenVPN it should work with any supported VPN service provider.
First install OpenVPN and set it up,
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo apt-get install openvpn pi@raspberrypi:~ $ cd /etc/openvpn
Now download VPNBook certificates,
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo wget https://www.vpnbook.com/free-openvpn-account/VPNBook.com-OpenVPN-PL226.zip pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo unzip VPNBook.com-OpenVPN-PL226.zip
Now create a new file passwords.txt and add the VPNBook credentials which has to be updated regualrly and can be found from here.
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo nano password.txt
Now edit the .ovpn file and the user creds file location,
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo nano vpnbook-pl226-udp53.ovpn
Add the path to passwords.txt file against auth-user-pass like,
Now start openvpn
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo openvpn vpnbook-pl226-udp53.ovpn
Ok, Now thats all with this. Hope it has worked for you. Thanks !!
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